Stonehenge

Stonehenge, world most famous prehistoric site

Stonehenge site, how it is now

Stonehenge is one of the most renowned prehistoric monuments not only in England but in the World. It is located in the English county of Wiltshire, about 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) west of Amesbury and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of Salisbury and is a 2 hours drive from London. Because of its history and remarkable features it is classed as a World Heritage Site. Archaeologists believe that it is about 5000 years old as some recent research shows that it was probably erected around 3000 BC.


Table of content

This post includes the answers to the following topics on Stonehenge:

  1. What are the key things you should know about the Stonehenge site?
  2. What are the main elements to visit on the site?
  3. What is Stonehenge build Process?
  4. Video Narration
  5. Stonehenge pictures
  6. Conclusion

The essentials things you should know about the Stonehenge site

Full Site of Stonehenge, how it used to be

This is the list of the most essential and interesting facts about Stonehenge:

  1. Age : estimated at 3,100 BC and built between 3,000 and 1,600 BC
  2. Build process: in 3 steps requiring more then 30 Millions hours of labour
  3. Location: Wiltshire, UK
  4. Type of stone: Bluestone, Sarson, Welsh Sandstone
  5. Weight of the stones: the heaviest one could weight up to 50 tonnes
  6. Purpose: remains a mystery but might be for Lunar and Solar Worship, or as a huge astronomical calendar
  7. It is aligned with the midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset
  8. Price of site ( free for English Heritage members): 6.90£
  9. Site Access: visitors are unable to walk amongst the stones and need to follow the site path
  10. An Audio tour is available in ten languages and is included in the price of the site.

The main elements to visit on the site

Illustration of the Stonehenge site

Based on the official brochure of the Stonehenge site these are the things of interest:

  1. North Barrow
  2. Station Stone
  3. Circular Ditch and Bank
  4. South Barrow
  5. Station Stone
  6. Heel Stone
  7. The Avenue
  8. Slaughter Stone
  9. Circle of sarsen stones with lintels
  10. Circle of Bluestones
  11. Horseshoe of sarsen trilithons

Stonehenge Build process

Stonehenge Build Process

It is believed that Stonehenge was constructed in three phases. It has been estimated that the three phases of the construction required more than thirty million hours of labour. Speculation on the reason it was built range from human sacrifice to astronomy
Let us look back 5000 years ago when it all started.

  1. It is estimated that the first Stonehenge was built around 3100 BC. It was composed of a large earthwork or Henge and comprised a ditch, bank, and the Aubrey holes. Surprisingly shortly after the build was completed it was abandoned for hundreds of years
  2. Evidence of the second phase is no longer visible but archaeologists beliefs it was built around 3000BC
  3. It is believed that the third stage of Stonehenge started at about 2000 BC with the arrival of the Sarsen stones. The interesting thing about this stone is that it was brought from a site which is about 25 miles north of Stonehenge. Not to mention that the heaviest of the stones could weight up to 50 tones and it was proved that there were only moved using sledges and ropes. Therefore some estimation reveals that it was required to have up to 500 men using leather ropes to pull one stone.

Video Narration

Please click here to view the Sonehenge video in a seperate lighbox.
Here it the full transcript of the video:

Stonehenge is one of the most renowned prehistoric monuments not only in England but in the World.
It is located in the English county of Wiltshire and is about a 2 hours drive west of London.
Because of its history and remarkable features it is classed as a World Heritage Site.
Archaeologists believe that Stonehenge is about 5000 year old as it was probably erected at around 3000 BC.
It is believed that it was build in 3 different stages between 3,000 and 1,600 BC
It is estimated that it took more then 30 Millions hours of labour
The type of stones included in the built are the Bluestone, Sarson and the Welsh Sandstone.
Some of the Stones could only be found 25 miles of the site.
Knowing that the heaviest stone could weight up to 50 tonnes it might have required up to 500 men using leather ropes to pull just one stone.
The Purpose remains a mystery but some archaeologists speculate that it might be for Lunar and Solar Worship, or as a huge astronomical calendar
It is interesting to notice that the stones are aligned with the midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset.
Visitors are unable to walk amongst the stones and need to follow the site path.
However an Audio tour is available in ten different languages and is included in the price of the site.
I strongly recommend a visit to this prehistoric monument which has attracted visitors from all over the globe for centuries.
Even tough only half of the original built remains it still stands as a timeless monument to the people who built it.

Stonehenge Pictures

There are some of the pictures taken on the Stonehenge Site. Please click the links to open the photographs in a lightbox.


Conclusion

Mat Siems & Stonehenge

Stonehenge is by far one of the most famous sites in the world. It is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones. It is at the centre of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.
I strongly recommend a visit to this prehistoric monument which has attracted visitors from all over the globe.
Even tough only half of the original built remains it still stands as a timeless monument to the people who built it.

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